It is against the law for employers to retaliate against an employee for opposing discrimination in the workplace or who has filed a discrimination complaint or participated in a discrimination investigation or proceeding.
According to employees, retaliation occurs far too frequently in. In fact, the most frequent type of complaint filed with the EEOC is usually retaliation. During 2012 38.1% of the approximately 100,000 claims filed with the EEOC were retaliation complaints.
In addition to creating a hostile work environment and damaging employee morale, retaliation lawsuits often take a huge financial toll on an organization. For example, The US Department of Veterans Affairs (Union Grove, WI) will pay $1.8 million in a retaliation lawsuit judgment.
Employees who want to sue their employer for retaliation need to file a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The EEOC will investigate the retaliation charge and will either file a lawsuit against the employer or will issue the complainant a "Notice-of-Right-to-Sue" letter so that the employee can proceed and file a lawsuit against their employer.
Of course, it's best for people to try to avoid hostile workplaces altogether. This is why it's so important for people to rate their bosses so that job seekers can research potential employers on sites like eBossWatch before accepting a job offer.